Posts Tagged With: dr lee

Lee-o-netto – dating images

Today I am sharing photos of Lee-o-netto contributed by descendants. It is so wonderful to have these descendants showing an interest in their family history and so willing to share what they learn. We are learning from each other as we explore the Kanistanaux family from different perspectives.

I decided to educate myself a little in the art of dating old photos. The subject is simple in some ways and very complex in others. I decided not to try to teach my readers the process, but simply to share the highlights. I will include some links to sites I found useful.

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Categories: Analysis, Documentation, Family-Kanistanaux, Resources-Internet, Tutorials-Tips | Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Lee-o-netto’s Post Card

I was recently contacted by a descendant of Carrie (Kanistanaux) Horton, through Carrie’s daughter Mary. This descendant shared a scan of both sides of a post card with an image of Dr. Lee-o-netto on it. It appears to be a professional calling-card or business card of some sort.

I decided to try to learn more about this post card and share what I learned.

I found several good online resources that were very helpful.

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Categories: Analysis, Culture, Documentation, Family-Kanistanaux, Resources-Internet | Tags: , , , , , ,

Lee-o-netto’s Funeral Notice

Today’s post will cover a news clipping which describes Dr. Lee-o-netto’s funeral service. I received this from Margaret Parker of the Allegany Area Historical Association. A big thanks to this organization in helping to preserve the pieces of history.
Funeral attendees are important to research. You never know when a previously unknown relative will attend and lead to additional discoveries. Even if there are no new relatives, I may stumble onto some new information that helps me understand my research subject better.



Allegany Citizen – Thursday 28-Dec-1939


Allegany Citizen – Thursday 28-Dec-1939


Funeral services for Dr. Lee-O-Nett-O who died here last week Tuesday, were held at her late home on West Main street last Thursday afternoon at two-thirty o’clock. Very Rev. Joseph Grooves, rector of St. Stephen’s Episcopal church of Olean, officiating. The remains were laid to rest in the Allegany cemetery.
The pall bearers were Clare L. Bockmier, Edward F. Smith, Karl S. Dornow, Howard Schultz, Albert B. Collins and Forest M. Wing.
Among those from out of town attending the funeral were Mr. and Mrs. Leon Horton, Sr., Mr. and Mrs. Leon Horton Jr., Mis Jean Horton, Miss Florence Horton, Lawrence and Clarence Horton, Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Blood , East Randolph; Mrs. A. F. Hopkins, Bradford.


For the most part this is a typical funeral notice. What caught my attention was the fact that neither Leon Horton nor any of his son’s were pall bearers. This is usually a family chore. I also did not see Charles Mosman or John Fowler listed as pall bearers despite the known connections their wives had with Lee-o-netto. So, just who are these men that served as pall bearers?
Her death occurred in 1939, so I can look at the 1940 and 1930 census to learn more about them. I also know there are Cattaraugus County directories available for the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, so it shouldn’t take too long to check on these men.

The Pall Bearers

  • Clare L. Bockmier – b.abt.1895, in 1939 he is listed as the President of the Olean Trust Co., located at 129 N Union St. His residence is 113 N 10th. Lee-o-netto did not have money in this bank at the time of her death, but may have had other business with the bank.
  • Edward F. Smith – b.abt.1873, in 1939 he is living at 12 N 2nd and is referred to as an oil producer in the local directory. Census records suggest he was a merchant of dry goods, which he appears to have retired from. When Lee-o-netto first moved to Allegany around 1915, Mr. Smith was operating a general store on E Main and living on 1st near Main.
  • Karl S. Dornow – b.abt.1893, in 1939 he is a druggist at 96 W Main and his residence is 45 N 4th.
  • Howard H. Schultz – b.abt. 1893, in 1939 he is a part owner of Smith & Schultz, a general merchandise store located at 120 W Main with a residence of 161 N 2nd. His business partner is Clarence Smith, son of Edward Smith mentioned above.
  • Albert B. Collins – b.abt. 1903, in 1939 he is a part owner of Collins Brothers, a monument business located at 15 E Main with a residence at 16 N 6th. It seems reasonable to believe the firm provided the beautiful monuments at Lee-o-netto’s gravesite.
  • Forest M. Wing – b.abt.1898, in 1939 he is a grocer located at 107 W Main with a residence at 26 N 4th.

How interesting! These men are all prominent local business men. Most of their businesses are located within a few blocks of Lee-o-netto’s home at 54 W Main, so it’s not unreasonable to believe these are the men she did business with on a regular basis. Their presence suggests Dr. Lee-o-netto was well thought of in her community. Even if the men served as pall bearers only because their wives were friends of Dr. Lee-o-netto, it still shows this lady was respected by the leading citizens of her community. That alone is worth every second of time spent researching these men.
Of the list of people attending from out of town, most are her Horton relatives. I was unable to determine who Mr. & Mrs. Clifford Blood are. There is more than one man by that name in the area. [added 19-Dec-2012 Mrs. Clifford Blood was formerly Eva L. Horton, eldest daughter of Leon Horton.]
[added 19-Dec-2012 I found no evidence of a Leon Jr.. However, there is a daughter named Leona who is not listed here. Leona is 14 and still living at home in the 1940 census. Unless she was sick , Leona should be in attendance with her parents and other siblings. I believe the reporter is in error. ]
I was also unable to determine who Mrs. A. F. Hopkins of Bradford was. I found no Hopkins in Bradford, Steuben Co., NY in the 1940 Census. I did find a Hopkins family at Bradford, McKean Co., PA but not an A. F.. Dr. Lee-o-netto could have had long time clients and/or friends in either town. To learn more about this person will take more time then I am willing invest. I can always come back to it later if it becomes important.
The more I learn about Dr. Lee-o-netto the more I am astounded by her accomplishments. She was an Indian woman openly advertising herself as Indian. She made a good living from her chosen occupation at a time when “Indian Doctors” are usually referred to as quacks and cons. She was living in a community which was openly condescending towards Native People from the local Seneca reservations (based on reading local newspapers for the time period). She managed her own affairs and died with a substantial estate. She didn’t die alone and forgotten, for it appears she was surrounded by non-Native neighbors who cared about her. And for her final accomplishment – her last journey on earth was in the hands of prominent citizens from her community.
Not too shabby for an ‘ol Abenaki woman from Canada ;-)

See the Kanistanaux Home Page for more.
See the Kanistanaux Map at Google.
Do you have any information to add or questions?
Please leave a comment.
Canyon Wolf 
Copyright ©2012 Ne-Do-Ba – All Rights Reserved
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Lee-O-Netto’s Housekeepers – Part 1

First I would like to apologize to my readers for my long absence.  It seems life and responsibility keep getting in the way of my research. I do have records to share, but recently have not been able to set aside the blocks of time needed for the background research and post writing. I am not giving up the blog, but it looks like this situation will continue until after the holidays. Posting will be erratic for a while longer so please, bear with me.

Today I am exploring Mrs. C. B. Mosman who filed a claim against Lee-o-netto’s estate stating she provided “work, labor, and services” to Dr. Lee for 26 years without pay. I need to investigate this woman and her family on the off chance someone is related to Lee-o-netto in some way.

Good research requires numerous side trips to explore all the people connected to our research subjects. I recently noticed some genealogy folks referring to this research technique as “cluster genealogy”. Now it has a fancy name, but I just think of it as common sense research. When you are looking for something – look everywhere it could possibly be!

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Lee-o-netto’s Estate Records

Today I will go over various items of interest found in the estate record of Lee-o-netto. The estate was administered by Leon Horton, son of Caroline A. (Kanistanaux) Horton.

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Dr. Lee-o-netto – a cemetery visit

Just a quick post today. A Find-a-Grave volunteer has assisted us by providing photos of Nettie’s monument. And when I use the term monument here, I’m really not kidding!
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Lee-o-netto’s Death Record

I recently received a copy of Lee-o-netto’s death record from Allegany. It does provide me with a few new items to work with, but of course, it doesn’t answer all my questions and it raises new ones!
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Dr. Lee & U-ta-wa-un

A few weeks ago I posted a news clipping about U-ta-wa-un touring in Vermont with Dr. Lee-o-netto as a member of his troupe. Today’s post will cover a nice little treasure relating to this tour. It was located by my good friend Salmon, who is a total research hound. Once he found this artifact, he tracked down the owner and purchased a digit copy for me so I could post it on this blog.

K’chi Wliwni Nidoba

This document is a bit unusual for the time period since it is written using an early version of the “writing machine” or what folks of my generation would recognized as a typewriter.
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Dr. Lee-o-netto’s estate

Today’s post will deal with the estate of Dr. Lee in Allegany, NY and how it was divided according to the local newspaper.

This is another news clipping to be credited to the research efforts of Randy Blood.

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Dr. Lee in the 1880 Census

Well, what do you know! My last post suggested I might find Dr. Lee living near Herkimer, NY around 1880. Once I had an idea where she might be, it didn’t take long to locate her in the 1880 census.

This is why it is important to spend time tracking down other types of resources when doing family research. The contents of news clipping for the Kanistanaux family have provided many vital clues about the people in the family, their connections to each other, and where to look for missing pieces.

I found Dr. Lee in the 1880 census using First, I selected Census, then 1880. In the search box I entered Herkimer Co., NY as the “Lived In” location and used the setting “Restrict to Adjacent Counties”. The only other item was setting “Indian” as the race. I did not use any names, since I have already done name searches that did not discover her.

What do you know, there she is on the first page of results in Rome, Oneida Co., NY. If only they were all that easy. Oh wait, this wasn’t easy. It took me and Randy hours and hours of searching old newspapers to find the bits and pieces that brought me to this point.

If she had been listed as white instead of Indian, it would have taken much longer to find her!

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